A Comparison of Cultivation Techniques NFT-I, FR and Soil: An IoT Monitoring Approach

Manuel J. Ibarra, Edgar W. Alcarraz, Olivia Tapia, Yalmar Ponce, Hugo D. Calderon-Vilca, Carlos R. Quispe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Hydroponics is an agricultural method where plants grow with water and mineral nutrient solutions. For a good production of vegetables, it is essential to keep within an optimal range the values of the variables that influence growth: temperature, pH, electrical conductivity and frequency of irrigation. This article compares three cultivation sub-systems NFT-I, FR and Soil. Additionally, it describes the IoT computing for monitoring the principal variables: temperature, pH, electrical conductivity and frequency of irrigation. This prototype allows notifying the farmer about the current status of each variable through Telegram social network and a Web site. The methodology was as follows: start planting the same day in the three sub-systems, controlling the values of the variables obtained by the sensors, and notifying the farmer when the values exceed the established limits, then the weight, the number of leaves, length and width were measured. The results have shown that this system can reduce electricity consumption by 97.9%, furthermore, use green computing approach with solar panel energy supply. Finally, lettuce production was good, and in terms of weight, the number of leaves, length and width, followed the relationship FR > NFT-I > Soil.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of International Conference on Data Science and Applications, ICDSA 2021
EditorsMukesh Saraswat, Sarbani Roy, Chandreyee Chowdhury, Amir H. Gandomi
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Pages331-347
Number of pages17
ISBN (Print)9789811651199
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes
Event2nd International Conference on Data Science and Applications, ICDSA 2021 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 10 Apr 202111 Apr 2021

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Networks and Systems
Volume288
ISSN (Print)2367-3370
ISSN (Electronic)2367-3389

Conference

Conference2nd International Conference on Data Science and Applications, ICDSA 2021
CityVirtual, Online
Period10/04/2111/04/21

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

Keywords

  • Arduino
  • Floating raft
  • Hydroponics
  • IoT
  • Lettuce
  • Monitoring
  • Nutrient film technique
  • Raspberry PI
  • Vegetables

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