A database of freshwater fish species of the Amazon Basin

Céline Jézéquel, Pablo A. Tedesco, Rémy Bigorne, Javier A. Maldonado-Ocampo, Hernan Ortega, Max Hidalgo, Koen Martens, Gislene Torrente-Vilara, Jansen Zuanon, Astrid Acosta, Edwin Agudelo, Soraya Barrera Maure, Douglas A. Bastos, Juan Bogotá Gregory, Fernando G. Cabeceira, André L.C. Canto, Fernando M. Carvajal-Vallejos, Lucélia N. Carvalho, Ariana Cella-Ribeiro, Raphaël CovainCarlos Donascimiento, Carolina R.C. Dória, Cleber Duarte, Efrem J.G. Ferreira, André V V. Galuch, Tommaso Giarrizzo, Rafael P. Leitão, John G. Lundberg, Mabel Maldonado, José I. Mojica, Luciano F.A. Montag, Willian M. Ohara, Tiago H.S. Pires, Marc Pouilly, Saúl Prada-Pedreros, Luiz J. de Queiroz, Lucia Rapp Py-Daniel, Frank R.V. Ribeiro, Raúl Ríos Herrera, Jaime Sarmiento, Leandro M. Sousa, Lis F. Stegmann, Jonathan Valdiviezo-Rivera, Francisco Villa, Takayuki Yunoki, Thierry Oberdorff

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74 Scopus citations


The Amazon Basin is an unquestionable biodiversity hotspot, containing the highest freshwater biodiversity on earth and facing off a recent increase in anthropogenic threats. The current knowledge on the spatial distribution of the freshwater fish species is greatly deficient in this basin, preventing a comprehensive understanding of this hyper-diverse ecosystem as a whole. Filling this gap was the priority of a transnational collaborative project, i.e. the AmazonFish project - https://www.amazon-fish.com/. Relying on the outputs of this project, we provide the most complete fish species distribution records covering the whole Amazon drainage. The database, including 2,406 validated freshwater native fish species, 232,936 georeferenced records, results from an extensive survey of species distribution including 590 different sources (e.g. published articles, grey literature, online biodiversity databases and scientific collections from museums and universities worldwide) and field expeditions conducted during the project. This database, delivered at both georeferenced localities (21,500 localities) and sub-drainages grains (144 units), represents a highly valuable source of information for further studies on freshwater fish biodiversity, biogeography and conservation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number96
JournalScientific data
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2020

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