The use of blood samples as liquid biopsy is a label-free method for cancer diagnosis that offers benefits over traditional invasive biopsy techniques. Cell sorting by acoustic waves offers a means to separate rare cells from blood samples based on their physical properties in a label-free, contactless and biocompatible manner. Herein, we describe a flow-through separation approach that provides an efficient separation of tumor cells (TCs) from white blood cells (WBCs) in a microfluidic device, "THINUS-Chip" (Thin-Ultrasonic-Separator-Chip), actuated by ultrasounds. We introduce for the first time the concept of plate acoustic waves (PAW) applied to acoustophoresis as a new strategy. It lies in the geometrical chip design: different to other microseparators based on either bulk acoustic waves (BAW) or surface waves (SAW, SSAW and tSAW), it allows the use of polymeric materials without restrictions in the frequency of work. We demonstrate its ability to perform high-throughput isolation of TCs from WBCs, allowing a recovery rate of 84%±8% of TCs with a purity higher than 80% and combined viability of 85% at a flow rate of 80 μL/min (4.8 mL/h). The THINUS-Chip performs cell fractionation with low-cost manufacturing processes, opening the door to possible easy printing fabrication.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Acknowledgments: This work was partially supported by the Ministry of Economy and Competence of Spain (MINECO) under two projects: BIO2011-30535-C04-01: Development of a high-throughput ultrasonic technology for the isolation of circulating tumor cells from peripheral blood samples; and DPI2017-90147-R: Low intensity a Low Intensity ultrasounds for early diagnosis and modulation of tumor and stroma.
© 2018 by the authors.
Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Plate acoustic waves
- Tumor cell isolation