A multidisciplinary and international team of scientists was assembled in the early 1990s to conduct an ethnobotanical study of plants used by the Aguaruna people of the Peruvian Amazon forest. The initial ethnobotanical project, carried out under the auspices of an International Cooperative Biodiversity Grant (ICBG), led to the collection of approximately 4000 plant species. Some members of the original team of scientists have continued this collaboration by focusing on potential sources of new anticancer, anti-infective, and wound-healing agents. This effort has uncovered several secondary metabolites representing a wide variety of chemical diversity. In this short review we describe some bioactive compounds of interest as part of our continuing collaboration.