A revision of the new genus amiga Nakahara, willmott & Espeland, gen. N., described for papilio arnaca fabricius, 1776 (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Satyrinae)

Shinichi Nakahara, Gerardo Lamas, Stephanie Tyler, Mario Alejandro Marín, Blanca Huertas, Keith R. Willmott, Olaf H.H. Mielke, Marianne Espeland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

We here propose a new, monotypic genus, Amiga Nakahara, Willmott & Espeland, gen. n., to harbor a common Neotropical butterfly, described as Papilio arnaca Fabricius, 1776, and hitherto placed in the genus Chloreuptychia Forster, 1964. Recent and ongoing molecular phylogenetic research has shown Chloreuptychia to be polyphyletic, with C. arnaca proving to be unrelated to remaining species and not readily placed in any other described genus. Amiga arnaca gen. n. et comb. n. as treated here is a widely distributed and very common species ranging from southern Mexico to southern Brazil. A neotype is designated for the names Papilio arnaca and its junior synonym, Papilio ebusa Cramer, 1780, resulting in the treatment of the latter name as a junior objective synonym of the former. A lectotype is designated for Euptychia sericeella Bates, 1865, which is treated as a subspecies, Amiga arnaca sericeella (Bates, 1865), comb. n. et stat. n., based on molecular and morphological evidence. We also describe two new taxa, Amiga arnaca adela Nakahara & Espeland, ssp. n. and Amiga arnaca indianacristoi Nakahara & Marín, ssp. n., new subspecies from the western Andes and eastern Central America, and northern Venezuela, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-152
Number of pages68
JournalZooKeys
Volume2019
Issue number821
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank the museum curators who allowed us to examine the Euptychiina collections under their care, and the numerous people who contributed to our knowledge of this genus by collecting, databasing, and rearing specimens. We are grateful to Bernard Hermier (Cayenne, French Guiana), Andrew Neild (London, UK), and Hajo Gernaat (Leiden, Netherlands) for their help with translating relevant original descriptions; to Fernando Dias (Curitiba, Brazil) for his help accessing materials at DZUP; Andr? Freitas (Campinas, Brazil) for his help accessing materials at ZUEC; Indiana Crist?bal R?os-M?laver (Manizales, Colombia) for allowing us to use his photo in the present article; Sophie Ledger, Robyn Crowther (London, UK), Evelyn Gamboa (Lima, Peru), Alexandra Pagac, and Michelle Modena (Gainesville, USA) for databasing and photographing specimens; Lei Xiao (Gainesville, USA) for support in the molecular lab; Andr? Freitas (Campinas, Brazil), Thamara Zacca (Campinas, Brazil), and Riley Gott (Gainesville, USA) for generously reviewing the manuscript; Karolyn Darrow (Washington DC, USA) for kindly photographing the neotype; SN and KRW thank Santiago Villamar?n and Sof?a Nogales (Quito, Ecuador), the Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INABIO, Ecuador), and the Ecuadorian Ministerio del Ambiente for supporting field research in Ecuador. Funding for museum and fieldwork was provided in part from the National Geographic Society, the Leverhulme Trust, the Darwin Initiative, the National Science Foundation (# 0103746, 0639861, #1256742), the Florida Museum of Natural History, the FLMNH Museum Associates, and the University of Florida. SN acknowledges the University of Florida?s Entomology and Nematology Department for support; MAM thanks the Brazilian Research Council ? CNPq (fellowship 151077/2018-5). Brazilian specimens are registered in the SISGEN database (A4F1643). Finally, we thank University of Florida open-access publishing fund for financial support.

Funding Information:
We thank the museum curators who allowed us to examine the Euptychiina collections under their care, and the numerous people who contributed to our knowledge of this genus by collecting, databasing, and rearing specimens. We are grateful to Bernard Hermier (Cayenne, French Guiana), Andrew Neild (London, UK), and Hajo Gernaat (Leiden, Netherlands) for their help with translating relevant original descriptions; to Fernando Dias (Curitiba, Brazil) for his help accessing materials at DZUP; André Freitas (Campinas, Brazil) for his help accessing materials at ZUEC; Indiana Cris-tóbal Ríos-Málaver (Manizales, Colombia) for allowing us to use his photo in the present article; Sophie Ledger, Robyn Crowther (London, UK), Evelyn Gamboa (Lima, Peru), Alexandra Pagac, and Michelle Modena (Gainesville, USA) for databasing and photographing specimens; Lei Xiao (Gainesville, USA) for support in the molecular lab; André Freitas (Campinas, Brazil), Thamara Zacca (Campinas, Brazil), and Riley Gott (Gainesville, USA) for generously reviewing the manuscript; Karolyn Darrow (Washington DC, USA) for kindly photographing the neotype; SN and KRW thank Santiago Villamarín and Sofía Nogales (Quito, Ecuador), the Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INABIO, Ecuador), and the Ecuadorian Ministerio del Ambiente for supporting field research in Ecuador. Funding for museum and fieldwork was provided in part from the National Geographic Society, the Leverhulme Trust, the Darwin Initiative, the National Science Foundation (# 0103746, 0639861, #1256742), the Florida Museum of Natural History, the FLMNH Museum Associates, and the University of Florida. SN acknowledges the University of Florida’s Entomology and Nematology Department for support; MAM thanks the Brazilian Research Council – CNPq (fellowship 151077/2018-5). Brazilian specimens are registered in the SISGEN database (A4F1643). Finally, we thank University of Florida open-access publishing fund for financial support.

Keywords

  • DNA barcodes
  • Euptychiina
  • Species delimitation
  • Subspecies
  • Systematics
  • Taxonomy

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