## Abstract

We investigate the magnetic properties of a composed nonextensive system. The work is motivated by recent proposals that manganites are magnetically nonextensive objects, according to Tsalhs statistics. We consider a two-parts composed system, A-B (both spins 1/2), and calculate self-consistently the partial magnetizations in the mean field approximation, M_{A} and M _{B}, for the cases the coupling between the subsystems is either ferro or anti-ferromagnetic. This involves the notion of partial trace in the nonextensive statistics. For temperatures below the magnetic ordering temperatures, and q ≠ 1, we found strong disagreement between the M vs. T curves calculated from the total 4 × 4 Hubert space, through ρ ^{q}, when compared to the calculation made from the 2 × 2 subspaces, if we use the usual definition ρ_{A(B)} ≡ Tr _{B(A)}(ρ), and then elevates the matrices to the qth power, as adopted in other contexts in the literature of the nonextensive statistics. On another hand, full agreement is found if we take ρ_{A(B),q} ≡ Tr_{B(A)}(ρ^{q}), remaining q an implicit parameter.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 499-504 |

Number of pages | 6 |

Journal | Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications |

Volume | 343 |

Issue number | 1-4 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 15 Nov 2004 |

Externally published | Yes |

### Bibliographical note

Funding Information:F.A.R.N. and M.S.R. acknowledge the Brazilian Agencies CAPES and CNPq, respectively, for financial support.

## Keywords

- Manganites
- Non-extensive statistics
- Partial trace