Abandonment of therapy in multidrug-resistant tuberculosis: Associated factors in a region with a high burden of the disease in Perú

Oriana Rivera, Santiago Benites, Julio Mendigure, César Antonio Bonilla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: In the context of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, abandonment of therapy represents a serious public health problem that affects the quality of life of patients, families, and communities. Managing this phenomenon places a burden on health systems since it causes free sources of transmission in the community, thereby increasing prevalence and mortality. Thus, there is a need to study factors associated with this problem. Objective: This study sought to identify risk factors associated with the abandonment of therapy by patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in the Peruvian region of Callao. Materials and methods: We conducted an analytical case-control study (cases=80; controls=180) in patients under treatment from January 1st, 2010, to December 31, 2012. Risk factors were identified using logistic regression; odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Results: The multivariate analysis identified the following risk factors: Being unaware of the disease (OR=23.10; 95% CI 3.6-36.79; p=0.002); not believing in healing (OR=117.34; 95% CI 13.57-124.6; p=0.000); not having social support (OR=19.16; 95% CI 1.32-27.77; p=0.030); considering the hours of attention to be inadequate (OR=78.13; 95% CI 4.84-125.97; p=0.002), and not receiving laboratory reports (OR=46.13; 95% CI 2.85-74.77; p=0.007). Conclusion: Health services must focus on the early detection of conditions that may represent risk factors to proactively implement effective, rapid and high-impact interventions.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)44-57
Number of pages14
JournalBiomedica : revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2019

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