© 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Purpose: To evaluate and compare the effectiveness and safety of accelerated transepithelial (A-epi-on) corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) with standard CXL (epi-off) for children with progressive keratoconus. Methods: Prospective, cohort study including 61 eyes of 51 patients younger than 18 years with progressive keratoconus at Oftalmosalud Instituto de Ojos, Lima, Peru. A-epi-on CXL was performed for 36 eyes using 30 minutes of impregnation (0.25% riboflavin, 1.0% phosphate hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, 0.007% benzalkonium chloride) and 5 minutes of irradiation (18 mW/cm2). Epi-off CXL was performed for 25 eyes using 30 minutes of impregnation (riboflavin 0.1% solution plus 20% dextran 500) and 30 minutes of irradiation (3 mW/cm2). Scheimpflug imaging parameters were evaluated preoperatively and at 6 and 12 months postoperatively. Results: Mean uncorrected visual acuity improvement was 0.12 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) for both groups (P = 0.09 for A-epi-on and P = 0.16 for Epi-off). Mean improvements in the best-corrected visual acuity were 0.09 logMAR (P = 0.05) and 0.06 logMAR (P = 0.05) at 12 months postoperatively for the A-epi-on group and the epi-off group, respectively. Mean maximum keratometry changes were +0.1 D (P = 0.62) and 20.94 D (P = 0.11) for the A-epi-on group and the epi-off group, respectively, at 12 months postoperatively. There were no significant differences between groups regarding changes in pachymetry and posterior elevation values (P . 0.05). Keratoconus progression was observed in 5.6% and 12% of eyes in the A-epion group and the epi-off group, respectively. Conclusions: Accelerated epi-on CXL and standard epi-off CXL are safe and effective for stopping the progression of keratoconus at 12 months postoperatively.
Henriquez, M. A., Rodríguez, A. M., & Izquierdo, L. (2017). Accelerated epi-on versus standard epi-off corneal collagen cross-linking for progressive keratoconus in pediatric patients. Cornea, 1503-1508. https://doi.org/10.1097/ICO.0000000000001366