In February 2014, the Malaria Elimination Working Group, in partnership with the Peruvian Ministry of Health (MoH), hosted its first international conference on malaria elimination in Iquitos, Peru. The 2-day meeting gathered 85 malaria experts, including 18 international panelists, 23 stakeholders from different malaria-endemic regions of Peru, and 11 MoH authorities. The main outcome was consensus that implementing a malaria elimination project in the Amazon region is achievable, but would require: 1) a comprehensive strategic plan, 2) the altering of current programmatic guidelines from control toward elimination by including symptomatic as well as asymptomatic individuals for antimalarial therapy and transmission-blocking interventions, and 3) the prioritization of community-based active case detection with proper rapid diagnostic tests to interrupt transmission. Elimination efforts must involve key stakeholders and experts at every level of government and include integrated research activities to evaluate, implement, and tailor sustainable interventions appropriate to the region.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The Malaria Elimination Working Group was partially funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to organize this conference through the grant OPP1099774. In addition, Andres G. Lescano and Antonio M. Quispe are supported by the training grant 2D43 TW007393 awarded to U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 6 by the National Institutes of Health/Fogarty International Center. Joseph M. Vinetz, Margaret Kosek, Eduardo Gotuzzo, and Alejandro Llanos-Cuentas have been supported by U.S. Public Health Service grants U19AI089681, D43TW007120, R01AI067727, and K24AI068903 from the National Institutes of Health.