Bare maghemite nanoparticles (Nps), binary, and ternary magnetic nanocomposites prepared with titanium dioxide (TiO 2 ) and graphene oxide (GO) were synthesized by a facile and cheap co-precipitation chemical route, and used as magnetic nanoadsorbents to remove arsenite (As(III)) and arsenate (As(V)) from water. The structural, morphological, magnetic and surface properties were analyzed by XRD, TEM microscopy, FTIR and Raman vibrational spectroscopy, Mössbauer technique and N 2 adsorption-desorption measurements. It was found that materials were composed of maghemite nanoparticles with crystallites diameters varying from 9 to 13 nm for bare Nps, binary and ternary nanocomposites, these nanocomposites contain a high percentage of maghemite phase (80%). The presence of TiO 2 and GO in the binary and ternary materials was also confirmed. All the samples were found to show magnetic properties and a slight porosity, with a specific surface area that increases up to 82 m 2 /g when the metal oxides Nps were supported on GO. The aqueous arsenic adsorption performance was studied from kinetic and equilibrium point of view, and the pH adsorption capacity dependence was evaluated aiming to explain the adsorption mechanism. The three nanocomposites prepared in this work exhibit high adsorption capacity for arsenic species, with values of maximum adsorption capacity ranging from 83.1 to 110.4 mg/g for As(III) and from 90.2 to 127.2 mg/g for As(V) from bare to ternary nanocomposites, being possible to be separated with a permanent magnet of neodymium (Nd) in less than 10 min. Therefore, these nanosystems can be proposed as good adsorbents for both arsenic species from water.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was partially supported by The National Council of Science, Technology and Technological Innovation (CONCYTEC/Cienciactiva-Peru). M. Morales thanks Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) for his fellowship, process number 305748/2015-7 . This work was also supported by the Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad of Spanish Government through the research project CTM2015-69246-R.
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- Arsenite and arsenate adsorption
- Bare maghemite Nps
- Binary and ternary magnetic nanocomposites