|Journal||International Development Policy|
|State||Published - 2017|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Institute of the Organisation of Indigenous Peoples in Pastaza in Ecuador (opip), which promoted the concept of sumak kawsay (Viteri et al., 1992; Vit-eri, 2000) and was financed by the Italian ngo Terra Nuova and the Danish entity ibis at the beginning of the 1990s and by the European Commission at the end of the same decade. Also, the Andean Project of Peasant Technologies in Peru (pratec), through which Grimaldo Rengifo (2002, 2010) published his work on allin kawsay with funds from the Belgian foundation Broederlijk Delen and the Swiss foundation Tradition for Tomorrow. Lastly, there is the Andean Center for Agricultural Development in Bolivia (cada), through which Simón Yampara (2001) and Mario Torrez (2001) published their initial work on suma qamaña. And we must not forget here the role played by many intellectuals associated with the Catholic Church (such as Joseph Estermann, Xabier Albó or Enrique Dussel), who contributed to the emergence, substantiation and dissemination of sumak kawsay, allin kawsay and suma qamaña, and the work conducted by educational institutions of the Church to train indigenous intellectuals from Ecuador, Bolivia and Peru.
* The author wishes to thank the Bolsa de Produtividade programme of Brazil’s National Council of Technological and Scientific Development (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvim-ento Científico e Tecnológico, CNPq) for supporting this research.
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