This paper presents an updated checklist of the butterflies of Europe, together with their original name combinations, and their occurrence status in each European country. According to this checklist, 496 species of the superfamily Papilionoidea occur in Europe. Changes in comparison with the last version (2.6.2) of Fauna Europaea are discussed. Compared to that version, 16 species are new additions, either due to cryptic species most of which have been discovered by molecular methods (13 cases) or due to discoveries of Asian species on the eastern border of the European territory in the Ural mountains (three cases). On the other hand, nine species had to be removed from the list, because they either do not occur in Europe or lost their species status due to new evidence. In addition, three species names had to be changed and 30 species changed their combination due to new evidence on phylogenetic relationships. Furthermore, minor corrections were applied to some authors’ names and years of publication. Finally, the name Polyommatus ottomanus Lefèbvre, 1831, which is threatened by its senior synonym Lycaena legeri Freyer, 1830, is declared a nomen protectum, thereby conserving its name in the current combination Lycaena ottomana.
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We thank Dirk Maes (Belgium) and his following collaborators for the country-level distribution data of European butterflies, which were assembled for another paper on national checklists and Red Lists (Maes et al. submitted): Jiří Beneš (CZ), Dimitri Brosens (BE), Stoyan Beshkov (BG), Simona Bonelli (IT), Jaroslaw Buszko (PL), Lisette Cantú Salazar (LU), Louis Francis Cassar (MT), Sue Collins (GB), Milan Djuric (RS), Goran Dusej (CH), Hallvard Elven (NO), Filip Franeta (RS), Patricia Garcia-Pereira (PT), Yurii Geryak (UA), Philippe Goffart (BE), Ádám Gór (HU), Ulrich Hiermann (AT), Helmut Höttinger (AT), Peter Huemer (AT), Predrag Jakšić (RS), Eddie John (CY), Henrik Kalivoda (SK), Vassiliki Kati (GR), Paul Kirkland (GB), Benjamin Komac (AD), Ádám Kőrösi (HU), Anatolij Kulak (BY), Mikko Kuussaari (FI), Lionel L’Hoste (LU), Suvad Lelo (BA), Xavier Mestdagh (LU), Nikola Micevski (MK), Iva Mihoci (HR), Sergiu Mihut (RO), Yeray Monasterio-León (ES), Dmitry V. Morgun (RU), Tomás Murray (IE), Per Stadel Nielsen (DK), Erling Ólafsson (IS), Erki Õunap (EE), Lazaros Pamperis (GR), Alois Pavlíčko (CZ), Lars B. Pettersson (SE), Serhiy Popov (UA), Miloš Popović (RS), Juha Pöyry (FI), Mike Prentice (GB), Nils Ryrholm (SE), Martina Šašić (HR), Nikolay Savenkov (LV), Josef Settele (DE), Marcin Sielezniew (PL), Sergey Sinev (RU), Constanti Stefanescu (ES), Giedrius Švitra (LT), Toomas Tammaru (EE), Anu Tiitsaar (EE), Elli Tzirkalli (CY), Olga Tzortzakaki (GR), Arne Lykke Viborg (DK), Martin S. Warren (GB), Irma Wynhoff (NL), and Konstantina Zografou (GR). Our thanks also go to Ole Karsholt for his review which helped to improve the manuscript. VL was supported by grant N 14-14-00541 from the Russian Science Foundation to the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences and ZF by grant 14-36098G from the Czech Science Foundation.
VL was supported by grant N 14-14-00541 from the Russian Science Foundation to the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences and ZF by grant 14-36098G from the Czech Science Foundation.
© Martin Wiemers et al.