An urban geomonumental route focusing on the petrological and decay features of traditional building stones used in Madrid, Spain

Elena Mercedes Perez-Monserrat, Monica Alvarez de Buergo, Miguel Gomez-Heras, Maria Jose Varas Muriel, Rafael Fort Gonzalez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The stone traditionally used to build cities contributes to their personality and attests to the geological substrate on which they stand. While stone decay in the built heritage can be attributed to a number of causes, anthropic activity has a particularly significant impact. The geomonumental routes project is one of the initiatives proposed in recent years for urban routes that convey geological fundamentals by observing the rocks present in heritage structures. Its innovative approach addresses traditional stone properties, original quarrying sites and mechanisms of decay. Madrid's Royal Palace is a fine example of the use of traditional building stone in the centre of the Iberian Peninsula. In the geomonumental route proposed, the building doubles as an in situ laboratory that affords an overview of the main petrological properties of the two traditional stones most commonly used in the city's built heritage, the forms of decay they are subject and the factors underlying such alterations. This route constitutes a tool for showing the main petrological features and decay forms in traditional building stones found in urban heritage façades, with a special focus on anthropic impact, primarily air pollution and the use of conservation treatments that time has proven to be unsuitable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1071-1084
Number of pages14
JournalEnvironmental Earth Sciences
Volume69
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2013

Bibliographical note

Copyright:
Copyright 2013 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Building stone decay
  • Granite
  • Limestone
  • Petrology
  • Urban geology

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