Anemia as a prognostic factor in cancer patients

Victor Roman Paitan Amaro, Cindy Alcarraz, Angela Leonardo, Guillermo Valencia, Raúl Mantilla, Zaida Morante, Teodoro J. Oscanoa, Luis Mas

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4 Scopus citations

Abstract

© 2018, Instituto Nacional de Salud. All rights reserved. Objective. To determine the frequency and prognostic value of anemia in cancer patients receiving care at the National Institute of Neoplastic Diseases (Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Neoplásicas - INEN) between January and April of 2010. Materials and Methods. Anemia was considered for men with hemoglobin levels at <13 g/dL; and for women, at <12 g/dL. Associations between qualitative features were assessed with a Chi-square test. Kaplan-Meier estimator was used for the analysis of the survival curves, and differences between the curves were performed with the log-rank test. Results. 772 patients were included; 584 (75.7%) had solid tumors and 188 (24.3%) had hematologic malignancies. Anemia was diagnosed in 359 patients (46.5%); hematologic malignancies in 127 patients (67.6%); and solid neoplasms in 235 (40.2%). Hematologic malignancies with the highest frequency of anemia were chronic myeloid leukemia, acute leukemias, and multiple myeloma (100%, 92.5% and 60%, respectively); and were cancer of gastrointestinal, gynecological, and urological origin were in the group of solid neoplasms (62%, 52.1% and 45%, respectively). Two hundred and four (204) patients (26.4%) were transfused. In 762 patients, a significant difference in overall survival was found between groups with and without anemia, estimated at 5 years in 62% and 47% respectively (p <0.001). In the solid tumor subgroup (p = 0.002), and the hematological malignancies subgroup (p = 0.007), such association was also found. Conclusions. Anemia is common in cancer patients, and its presence determines an independent prognostic factor in overall survival.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)250-258
Number of pages9
JournalRevista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes

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    Paitan Amaro, V. R., Alcarraz, C., Leonardo, A., Valencia, G., Mantilla, R., Morante, Z., Oscanoa, T. J., & Mas, L. (2018). Anemia as a prognostic factor in cancer patients. Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica, 250-258. https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2018.352.3171