Benthic assemblages in South American intertidal rocky shores: Biodiversity, services, and threats

Patricia Miloslavich, J. J. Cruz-Motta, Alejandra Hernández, César Herrera, Eduardo Klein, Francisco Barros, Gregorio Bigatti, Maritza Cárdenas, Alvar Carranza, Augusto Flores, Patricia Gil-Kodaka, Judith Gobin, Jorge Gutiérrez, Marcos Krull, Juan F. Lazarus, Edgardo Londoño, Tito Lotufo, Erasmo Macaya, Elba Mora, Sergio NavarreteGabriela Palomo, Mirtala Parragué, Franciane Pellizzari, Rosana Rocha, Leonardo Romero, Roberto Retamales, Roger Sepúlveda, Michelle C. Silva, Sabrina Soria

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

© 2016 by Nova Science Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved. Rocky shores are areas of high diversity and productivity providing goods and services. Since humans are altering nature at an unprecedented rate, producing shifts in important parameters for life such as temperature, habitat availability, water quality, among others, it is expected that species will respond by changing their natural distributions and/or abundances. To understand how species will respond to such changes, it is necessary to learn the processes that determine these patterns. The South American Research Group on Coastal Ecosystems was established to assess marine diversity and biomass along both coasts of South America through an international collaboration. The main goals of SARCE are to: (1) Test hypotheses about latitudinal gradients and patterns of local and regional biodiversity, (2) Identify the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning, (3) Assess the effect of environmental gradients and anthropogenic stressors, (4) Carry out capacity building and training activities aimed to solve environmental problems for the benefit of society. The SARCE network has sampled the coasts of nine countries around South America with a standardized protocol in more than 150 sites (2010-2014), ranging from 11° North to 55° South. This chapter provides a description of the biodiversity of the sites sampled by SARCE, along with a review of the uses and services that these ecosystems provide to human populations and the main threats and impacts these uses have caused.
Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationMarine Benthos: Biology, Ecosystem Functions and Environmental Impact
Number of pages55
ISBN (Electronic)9781634849685, 9781634849302
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2016

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    Miloslavich, P., Cruz-Motta, J. J., Hernández, A., Herrera, C., Klein, E., Barros, F., Bigatti, G., Cárdenas, M., Carranza, A., Flores, A., Gil-Kodaka, P., Gobin, J., Gutiérrez, J., Krull, M., Lazarus, J. F., Londoño, E., Lotufo, T., Macaya, E., Mora, E., ... Soria, S. (2016). Benthic assemblages in South American intertidal rocky shores: Biodiversity, services, and threats. In Marine Benthos: Biology, Ecosystem Functions and Environmental Impact