Biochemical study of Tityus kaderkai (Scorpiones: Buthidae) venom with notes on its distribution and habitat in Peru

Enrique Escobar, Rosalina Tincopa, José A. Ochoa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The biochemistry of the venom of Tityus kaderkai Kovarik, 2005 from Madre de Dios depart?ment, has been studied. The soluble venom contains 47.6% of protein. The venom proteins were separated from 12.9 mg of venom using cationic exchange chromatography in CM Sephadex C-25 with a 0.05 M ammonium acetate buffer pH 7.0. The chromatography profiles show seven peaks of proteins (I - VII) and five protein bands were distinguished in the crude venom, by PAGE-SDS. The toxicity assays allowed the identification of three toxins affecting Mus musculus which were associated to peaks IV, V and VII. Toxic proteins to Gryllus sp. were also found associated to peaks IV, V, VI and VII. Through the enzymatic activity, the presence of proteolytic activity over casein was found related to the first peak. Hyaluronidase activity has also been found in the peak IV with a specific activity 205.6 μg/min/mg. However, the crude venom and collected fractions did not show any phospholipase, anticoagulant, nor hemolytic activity. Notes on the distribution pattern and habitat are also included. © Los autores.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)151-158
Number of pages8
JournalRevista Peruana de Biologia
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2013

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