Bioremediation: A low-cost and clean-green technology for environmental management

Daniela Landa-Acuña, Richard Andi Solórzano Acosta, Edwin Hualpa Cutipa, Celia Vargas de la Cruz, Bernabe Luis Alaya

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

As the industry advances and the world population increases, the planet has accumulated the waste generated by human activity. Many of them are nondegradable and others of slow degradation that favor their accumulation in nature without adequate treatment. Although oil spills are the most notorious episodes, there is a range of pollutants derived from all types of industry such as pesticides, refrigerants, solvents, detergents, heavy metals, and the already abundant plastics. Faced with this problem, the use of microorganisms is a valuable tool in the remediation of soils, taking advantage of its metabolic potential, adaptability insurmountable to different environments, and the symbiotic behavior that can establish with plants. Genetic engineering has also given way to the study of genetically modified microorganisms as bioremediation agents, which express specific genes in the presence of pollutants. The bacterial species mostly used in bioremediation are Acinetobacter sp., Burkholderia cepacia, Deinococcus radiodurans, Dehalococcoides ethenogenes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Pseudomonas putida, and some fungi.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMicrobial Bioremediation & Biodegradation
PublisherSpringer Singapore
Pages153-171
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9789811518126
ISBN (Print)9789811518119
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bioremediation
  • Contaminants
  • Genetic engineering

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