Burden of depression among impoverished HIV-Positive women in Peru

Diana Ying Wu, Maribel Munoz, Betty Espiritu, Jhon Zeladita, Eduardo Sanchez, Miriam Callacna, Christian Rojas, Jorge Arevalo, Adolfo Caldas, Sonya Shin

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OBJECTIVES:: In resource-poor settings, the mental health burden among HIV-positive women is exacerbated by poverty. We sought to describe the extent, risk factors, and experience of depression among impoverished HIV-positive women living in Lima, Peru. METHODS:: This is a case series of 78 HIV-positive women in Lima, Peru. We measured depression, stigma, and social support and performed a multivariable analysis to identify factors associated with depression. RESULTS:: Among 78 HIV-positive patients, 68% were depressed. Depression and suicidal ideation were rarely diagnosed by providers. In multivariable analysis, HIV-related stigma and food scarcity were associated with depression. CONCLUSIONS:: In our cohort of HIV-positive women in Lima, Peru, poverty and socioeconomic vulnerability contributed to depression. Findings highlight the heavy burden of depression in this cohort of poor women and the need to incorporate mental health services as an integral component of HIV care. © 2008 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)500-504
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2008
Externally publishedYes

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    Wu, D. Y., Munoz, M., Espiritu, B., Zeladita, J., Sanchez, E., Callacna, M., Rojas, C., Arevalo, J., Caldas, A., & Shin, S. (2008). Burden of depression among impoverished HIV-Positive women in Peru. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 500-504. https://doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0b013e31817dc3e9