Characteristics of violence during teenage pregnancy in Lima, Peru

Hans Contreras-Pulache, Elizabeth Mori-Quispe, Willy D. Hinostroza-Camposano, Maribel Yancachajlla-Apaza, Nelly Lam-Figueroa, Horacio Chacón-Torrico

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Abstract

Objectives. To determine the characteristics of violence seen in pregnant teenagers who were treated at the Instituto Nacional Materno Perinatal (INMP) in Lima, Peru. Materials and methods. A cross-sectional study was carried out by INMP between January and March, 2010 using a probabilistic and systematic sampling. The study unit comprises every hospitalized teenager who had just given birth and who lived in Lima. A semi-structured interview was conducted. History of violence was operationalized into: verbal violence (insults, ridicule, and humiliation), physical violence (arm pulling, hair pulling, pushes), direct aggression (slaps, kicking, burns) and sexual violence (sexual intercourse without consent). Results. 292 teenage mothers aged 16,5 ± 1 in average took part in the study. 47.9% lived with their partners and 51.4% were single. In 97.3% of the cases, they got pregnant as a result of a conserted sexual relationship, while 2.7% got pregnant as a result of rape. 90.1% of teenage mothers reported not having planned the pregnancy. Conserning history of violence: 48.1% had had verbal violence, 17.1% physical violence, 8.2% direct aggression and 6.8% sexual violence. Conclusions. Violence during teenage pregnancy is not an isolated event; actually, it is rather common in any of its forms.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)379-385
Number of pages7
JournalRevista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2013

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    Contreras-Pulache, H., Mori-Quispe, E., Hinostroza-Camposano, W. D., Yancachajlla-Apaza, M., Lam-Figueroa, N., & Chacón-Torrico, H. (2013). Characteristics of violence during teenage pregnancy in Lima, Peru. Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica, 379-385.