Comparative phenotipic survey of microbial consortia with chitinolytic activity from marine silts and rhizosphere

Debora Alvarado, Lidia Flores, Ana María Guerrero, Zuleyka Vicente, Ruth García

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© Facultad de Ciencias Bioĺgicas UNMSM. Four samples of silts were collected from the bottom and the bank of the beach "Marbella" in Callao and four samples of cultivated land were taken at level of rhizosphere obtained from a vineyard ol "Grocio Prado" Grassland's town in the Country of Chincha. The microbial heterotrophics populations with chitinolytic activity present in these environments was determined quantitatively, being described its main phenotypic characteristics. For the quantification of the populations the method of the Most Probable Number (NMP) was used. The tubes with positive growth were sowed in tubes with Granulated Chitin Agar and Colloidal Chitin Agar that were incubated at environmental temperature for two weeks. With the developed colonies the following tests were carried out: Oxidation/Fermentation of Glucose, Oxidase, Catalase, motility, presence of flagellum, tintoreal capacity, production of spores and semiquantitative chitinolytic activity. The phenograms were elaborated with the NTSYS v. 1,7 program. The biggest density of chitinolytic bacteria was found in rhizosphere reaching levels of >1,6 x 105, as long as in marine silts the density oscillated among 2,2 x 102 to 1,6 x 10J NMP/g. After the analysis of clustering of the phenotypes shown by the studied consortia it was found that they presented distinctive characteristic, exhibiting both of them a great phenotypic diversity.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)70-79
Number of pages10
JournalRevista Peruana de Biologia
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2001


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