Conservation practice complementarity and timing of on-farm adoption

Elizabeth Canales, Jason S. Bergtold, Jeffery R. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The adoption of conservation practices is a dynamic process. Factors that vary over time can affect farmers’ decision to adopt and adoption timing. We used a duration model to evaluate the farmer's adoption time for continuous no-till (CNT), cover crops (CCs), and the variable-rate application of inputs (VRA). We found that producers who had previously adopted soil conservation practices were more likely to adopt additional complementary practices. Farmers using crop rotation adopted CNT and CCs approximately 48% and 62% faster than farmers without a crop rotation, respectively. The CC adoption time was also reduced by 70% for farmers who had adopted CNT. Complementarities between conservation practices may enhance the benefits from adoption and allow farmers to adopt bundles of conservation practices more quickly over time. This can be taken advantage of in conservation programs by promoting or requiring practices first that enhance adoption of other practices. We also found important heterogeneity in the adoption speed associated with farm management characteristics, producers’ attitudes, weather patterns, and crop prices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)777-792
Number of pages16
JournalAgricultural Economics (United Kingdom)
Volume51
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding for this study was provided by “Small and Medium Size Farmers' Ability and Willingness to Supply Carbon Offsets through Carbon Markets and Conservation Crop Production” – USDA, NIFA, AFRI Foundational Grant, KS601924. We are grateful to all who participated in our various field activities. We also thank the editors and anonymous reviewers whose comments and suggestions helped improve this manuscript. We remain responsible for any remaining errors.

Funding Information:
Funding for this study was provided by “Small and Medium Size Farmers’ Ability and Willingness to Supply Carbon Offsets through Carbon Markets and Conservation Crop Production”— USDA, NIFA and USDA, NIFA Hatch Project 1007061. We are grateful to all who have participated in our various field activities. We also thank the editors and anonymous reviewers whose comments and suggestions helped improve this manuscript. We remain responsible for any remaining errors.

Funding Information:
for this study was provided by ?Small and Medium Size Farmers' Ability and Willingness to Supply Carbon Offsets through Carbon Markets and Conservation Crop Production? ? USDA, NIFA, AFRI Foundational Grant, KS601924. We are grateful to all who participated in our various field activities. We also thank the editors and anonymous reviewers whose comments and suggestions helped improve this manuscript. We remain responsible for any remaining errors.Funding for this study was provided by ?Small and Medium Size Farmers? Ability and Willingness to Supply Carbon Offsets through Carbon Markets and Conservation Crop Production?? USDA, NIFA and USDA, NIFA Hatch Project 1007061. We are grateful to all who have participated in our various field activities. We also thank the editors and anonymous reviewers whose comments and suggestions helped improve this manuscript. We remain responsible for any remaining errors.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 International Association of Agricultural Economists

Keywords

  • adoption
  • complementarities
  • conservation practices
  • continuous no-till
  • cost-share programs
  • cover crops
  • duration analysis
  • variable rate application of inputs

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