Covid-19 en pacientes con cáncer: Revisión sistemática

Translated title of the contribution: Covid-19 in cancer patients: A systematic review

Carlos A. Castañeda, Miluska Castillo, José Luis Rojas-Vilca, Hugo Fuentes, Henry L. Gómez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Development of severe disease and death from COVID-19 is more frequent in patients with comorbidities. Some studies report an increased frequency of severe COVID-19 in cancer patients. This review aims to describe the risk of infection and developing severe COVID-19 in cancer patients. Materials and methods: A systematic review was carried out through an exhaustive search of literature in PubMed and Scopus until May 2020. A secondary search was performed to include more studies. Results: The initial search identified 2,192 records, which included 17 publications with at least 10 infected cancer patients. Also, 5 articles were added from the additional search of the references cited by those 17 publications. Ten publications were from Chinese authors. Data analysis showed that COVID-19 infection is more frequent in cancer patients, and frequent therapeutic visits to the healthcare facility may be the cause. The presence of neoplasia predisposed patients to develop severe disease. Advanced age, associated comorbidities, advanced malignancy, and the presence of serum inflammatory markers increased the risk of developing severe disease. Initial studies indicate that the use of systemic treatment may also be a predisposing factor. Conclusions: The risk of becoming infected by COVID-19 and developing severe disease is higher in the oncological population.

Translated title of the contributionCovid-19 in cancer patients: A systematic review
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)611-619
Number of pages9
JournalRevista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2020

Bibliographical note

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© 2020, Instituto Nacional de Salud. All rights reserved.

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Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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