Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
MP, KK, and ES contributed equally and are co-first authors. JHS, JASp, and JFS contributed equally and are co-senior authors. The authors thank Berk Degirmenci, Christele Feliix, Shangyi Jin, Candace A Palmerlee, Andrea Peirce, Lisa G Rider, Esra Sari, Robert Tseng, and Leslie Wang for their invaluable contributions to the GRA Vax Survey. MP, KK, ES, SES, and JWL contributed to data collection, data quality control, and data analysis and interpretation. AAA, DA-R, SA, RPB, FB, IB, YPEC, RC, AD-G, ED, KLD, TAG, CLH, RH, BFH, EH, LK, AK, AHJK, DFLL, CL, EFM, BM, SM, MN, ADS, JASi, NS, MFU-G, JW, KJY, and EAZ-T, critically revised the manuscript and provided intellectual content. TTM, CH, MJL, ML, GF, and LT contributed to planning and data collection, reviewed the manuscript, and provided important intellectual content. SB, WC, RG, PMM, PCR, PS, ZSW, and JY contributed to the acquisition, analysis, and interpretation of the data. JASp, JFS, and JSH directed the work, designed the data collection methods, and contributed to the analysis and interpretation of the data. MP, KK, ES, SES, JWL, SB, WC, RG, PMM, PCR, PS, ZSW, JY, JASp, JFS, and JSH drafted and revised the manuscript critically for important intellectual content and gave final approval of the version to be published. SES, JWL, KK, JFS, and JASp had full access to the data and verify the credibility of the underlying data. All authors have read, revised, and approved this manuscript and take final responsibility for the decision to submit for publication. MP reports clinical trials participation with AbbVie and grants from Rheumatology Research Foundation, outside the submitted work. ES is a board member of the Canadian Arthritis Patient Alliance, a patient run, volunteer-based organisation whose activities are primarily supported by independent grants from pharmaceutical companies. JWL has received research grant funding from Pfizer unrelated to this work. SES reports research funding related to clinical trials from AstraZeneca (MANDARA), outside of the submitted work and is supported by the Vasculitis Clinical Research Consortium and Vasculitis Foundation outside of the submitted work. DA-R is a scientific advisor for GlaxoSmithKilne unrelated to this work. RC reports speaker fees from Janssen, Roche, Sanofi, and AbbVie, outside of the submitted work. AD-G reports grants from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Rheumatology Research Foundation, and Mayo Clinic, outside the submitted work. KLD is an unpaid volunteer president of the Autoinflammatory Alliance and reports grants from Novartis, Sobi, National Institutes of Health (NIH), and Horizon Bio, all received by the non-profit organisation outside of the submitted work. CLH received funding under a sponsored research agreement unrelated to the data in the paper from Vifor Pharmaceuticals. RH reports grants from AbbVie, Amgen, Boehringer Ingleheim, Johnson and Johnson, Lilly, Novartis, Pfizer, and Union Chimique Belge, all paid to Spondylitis Association of America, consultant fees from GlaxoSmithKline and Novartis, outside the submitted work. RH also owns stocks (<20 shares and representing <4% of personal investments) in AbbVie, Amgen, Bristol Myers Squibb, GlaxoSmithKline, Johnson & Johnson, Eli Lilly, Merck, Novartis, Pfizer, Teva, and Union Chimique Belge. AHJK reports personal fees from Exagen Diagnostics, Alexion Pharmaceuticals, and Aurinia Pharmaceuticals, grants from National Institutes of Health, Rheumatology Research Foundation, and Helmsley Charitable Trust, grants and personal fees from GlaxoSmithKline, outside the submitted work. EFM reports personal fees from Boehringer Ingelheim, and that Liga Portuguesa Contra as Doenças Reumaticas has received grants from AbbVie, Novartis, Lilly Portugal, Amgen Biofarmacêutica, Grünenthal, Merck Sharp & Dohme, Medac and from A Menarini Portugal–Farmacêutica; grants and non-financial support from Pfizer and Grünenthal, outside the submitted work. JASi has received consultant fees from Crealta/Horizon, Medisys, Fidia, PK Med, Two labs, Adept Field Solutions, Clinical Care options, Clearview healthcare partners, Putnam associates, Focus forward, Navigant consulting, Spherix, MedIQ, Jupiter Life Science, United BioMed, Trio Health, Medscape, WebMD, and Practice Point communications; and the National Institutes of Health, and the American College of Rheumatology. JASi owns stock options in TPT Global Tech, Vaxart pharmaceuticals, and Charlotte's Web Holdings and previously owned stock options in Amarin, Viking and Moderna pharmaceuticals. JASi is on the speaker's bureau of Simply Speaking and is a member of the executive of Outcomes Measures in Rheumatology, an organisation that develops outcome measures in rheumatology and receives funding from eight companies . JASi also serves on the FDA Arthritis Advisory Committee and is the chair of the Veterans Affairs Rheumatology Field Advisory Committee. JASi is also the editor and the Director of the University of Alabama at Birmingham Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group Satellite Center on Network Meta-analysis. MFU-G has received research support from Pfizer and Janssen, unrelated to this work. SB reports non-branded consulting fees from Novartis, AbbVie, Pfizer, and Horizon Pharma, outside the submitted work, and is a Pfizer employee as of September, 2021. RG reports personal fees from AbbVie New Zealand, Cornerstones, Janssen New Zealand, and Novartis, and personal fees and non-financial support Pfizer Australia (all <AU$10,000) outside the submitted work. PMM reports personal fees from AbbVie, Eli Lilly, Janssen, Novartis, Pfizer, and Union Chimique Belge; and grants and personal fees from Orphazyme, outside the submitted work. PCR reports personal fees from AbbVie, Gilead, Lilly, and Roche; grants and personal fees from Novartis, Union Chimique Belge, Janssen, and Pfizer; and non-financial support from Bristol Myers Squibb, outside the submitted work. PS reports honoraria from bring the social media editor for the American College of Rheumatology journals, outside the submitted work. ZSW reports grants from NIH, Bristol Myers Squibb, and Principia/Sanofi; and personal fees from Viela Bio and MedPace, outside the submitted work. JY reports personal fees from Pfizer and Eli Lilly, and grants and personal fees from AstraZeneca, outside the submitted work. CH reports personal fees from AstraZeneca and Aurinia Pharmaceuticals, outside the submitted work. MJL reports grants from American College of Rheumatology, during the conduct of the study and consulting fees from AbbVie, Amgen, Actelion, Boehringer Ingelheim, Bristol Myers Squibb, Celgene, Gilead, Johnson and Johnson, Mallinckrodt, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, Sandoz, Sanofi, Sobi, and Union Chimique Belge, outside the submitted work. JSH reports grants from Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance and Rheumatology Research Alliance, and personal fees from Novartis, Pfizer, and Biogen, outside the submitted work. JASp reports grants from National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, Rheumatology Research Foundation, and R Bruce and Joan M Mickey Research Scholar Fund; and consulting fees for AbbVie, Boehringer Ingelheim, Bristol Myers Squibb, Gilead, Inova Diagnostics, Optum, and Pfizer, unrelated to this work. JFS received research grant funding from the National Institutes of Health unrelated to this work (NIAMS R01 AR077103, and NIAID R01 AI154533). All other authors report no competing interests. This study was funded by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR). The ACR was not involved in any aspect of study design, collection, analysis, or interpretation of data, writing of the report, or the decision to submit the paper for publication. The views expressed here are those of the authors and participating members of the COVID-19 Global Rheumatology Alliance and do not necessarily represent the views of the ACR, the European Alliance of Associations for Rheumatology, the UK National Health Service, the National Institute for Health Research, or the UK Department of Health, or any other organisation. Researchers interested in performing additional analyses from survey data are invited to submit proposals through the COVID-19 Global Rheumatology Alliance at rheumcovid.org . For approved projects, we will provide summary tables and data analyses as requested. We do not currently have institutional review board approval to make the raw data available to other researchers.