Decline of a non-native ecosystem engineer and its replacement with a native on rocky shores: effects on the diversity and structure of benthic communities

Aldo S. Pacheco, Diego G. Andrade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ecosystem engineer species create enhanced habitat resources, and therefore host exceptionally diverse communities. We studied the case of two ecosystem engineers: a non-native ascidian, Pyura praeputialis, and the native mussel, Perumytilus purpuratus, in the rocky shores of Antofagasta Bay, northern Chile. P. praeputialis was once dominant in mid- and low-intertidal zones, but human harvesting has severely reduced the extent of the P. praeputialis band, allowing for competition from P. purpuratus, which subsequently expanded and replaced P. praeputialis. We compared the macrobenthic community structure between these two ecosystem engineers at five sites throughout the bay. Our results suggest not only an important share of species composition between the ecosystem engineers (68.1%) but also dissimilarity due to differential changes in taxa abundance. Taxonomic richness and diversity were always high in both ecosystem engineers when analyzing communities in areas without these engineers. Diversity recorded in P. praeputialis was slightly higher than those in P. purpuratus; however, the re-establishment of the native mussel could prevent a substantial drop in diversity as the invasive bioengineer disappears. From a biogeographical standpoint, all recorded taxa associated with both ecosystem engineers were native, thus allowing us to conclude that P. praeputialis did not further facilitate the presence of invasive species; rather, this bioengineer could be considered a reservoir of native fauna. Our study highlights the importance of the coexistence of multiple ecosystems engineers and their interactions in the maintenance of biodiversity in rocky shores, especially in cases where human disturbance reduces the more dominant but invasive ecosystem engineer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2
JournalMarine Biodiversity
Volume50
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Partial support for sampling was provided by FONDECYT grants No. 11110030 and 1150042 granted to A. S. Pacheco. Acknowledgments

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung.

Keywords

  • Community composition
  • Human disturbance
  • Indigenous mussels
  • Invasive ascidians
  • Spatial competition
  • Three-dimensional matrices

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Decline of a non-native ecosystem engineer and its replacement with a native on rocky shores: effects on the diversity and structure of benthic communities'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this