Development and evaluation of a magnetic immunochromatographic test to detect taenia solium, which causes taeniasis and neurocysticercosis in humans

Sukwan Handali, Molly Klarman, Amanda N. Gaspard, X. Fan Dong, Ronald LaBorde, John Noh, Yeuk Mui Lee, Silvia Rodriguez, Armando E. Gonzalez, Hector H.Garcia, Robert H. Gilman, Victor C.W. Tsang, Patricia P. Wilkins

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Abstract

Taeniasis/cysticercosis caused by Taenia solium is a frequent parasitic infection of the human brain in most of the world. Rapid and simple screening tools to identify taeniasis and cysticercosis cases are needed for control programs, mostly to identify tapeworm carriers which are the source of infection and need to be treated, or as tools for point-of-care case detection or confirmation. These screening assays should be affordable, reliable, rapid, and easy to perform. Immunochromatographic tests meet these criteria. To demonstrate proof of principle, we developed and evaluated two magnetic immunochromatographic tests (MICTs) for detection of human Taenia solium taeniasis antibodies (ES33-MICT) and neurocysticercosis antibodies (T24-MICT). These assays detected stage-specific antibodies by using two recombinant proteins, rES33 for detection of taeniasis antibodies and rT24H for detection of cysticercosis antibodies. The sensitivity and specificity of the ES33-MICT to detect taeniasis infections were 94.5% and 96%, respectively, and those of the T24-MICT to detect cases of human cysticercosis with two or more viable brain cysts were 93.9% and 98.9%, respectively. These data provide proof of principle that the ES33-and T24-MICTs provide rapid and suitable methods to identify individuals with taeniasis and cysticercosis. Copyright © 2010, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved. Copyright © 2010, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)631-637
Number of pages7
JournalClinical and Vaccine Immunology
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2010

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    Handali, S., Klarman, M., Gaspard, A. N., Dong, X. F., LaBorde, R., Noh, J., Lee, Y. M., Rodriguez, S., Gonzalez, A. E., H.Garcia, H., Gilman, R. H., Tsang, V. C. W., & Wilkins, P. P. (2010). Development and evaluation of a magnetic immunochromatographic test to detect taenia solium, which causes taeniasis and neurocysticercosis in humans. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, 631-637. https://doi.org/10.1128/CVI.00511-09