We analyzed the stomach contents of five species of sigmodontine rodents: Akodon orophilus, Microryzomys altissimus, M. minutus, Thomasomys notatus, and T. kalinowskii, from mountain forests of Huánuco, Perú (2564 - 3850 m). We found that A. orophilus is an insectivorous species because the high volume of arthropods (adults and larvae) in the stomach contents (90.1%); T. notatus and T. kalinowskii are primarily herbivorous because they had a high volume of plant material of 89% and 67.75% respectively; whereas M. altissimus and M. minutus are omnivorous because they presented similar volume percentages for plants and arthropods. T. kalinowskii is considered a generalist species because it had the highest niche breadth (4.61), whereas A. orophilus is considered a specialist because it had the lowest value (1.70). Akodon orophilus registered a low coefficient of variation (CV= 20%) showing a preference for consuming adult arthropod, and also a significatively high consumption of arthropod larvae in the wet season, being the only species with a seasonal variation in the diet. On the other hand, the niche overlap was less than 0.75 in 80% of species pairs indicating low similarity in the diet, but greater than 0.75 between M. altissimus - T. notatus (0.822) and M. minutus - T. kalinowskii (0.816) suggesting a higher diet similarity. We conclude that these sigmodontine rodents, sympatric in the montane forests of Huánuco, exhibit dissimilar diets, probably as a strategy to prevent or lessen interspecific competition.
|Original language||American English|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Revista Peruana de Biologia|
|State||Published - 1 Dec 2012|
- Montane forest
- Rodent diet