Diet of the puma (Puma concolor) in the alpine highlands of the Salinas y Aguada Blanca National Reserve, Peru

Hector A. Luque-Machaca, Brian E. Oberheim, Gabriel Llerena-Reátegui, Omar Rodríguez-Bravo, Alfredo Loza Del Carpio, Joel I. Pacheco, Agustín Iriarte, Alfredo H. Zúñiga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The puma (Puma concolor) is widely distributed in the alpine highlands of the Andes, but its diet has rarely been described in ecosystems above 4300 m. We collected and examined 21 puma scats from the Salinas y Aguada Blanca National Reserve (RNSAB) between 2013 and 2015. We identified 10 species of prey, in addition to unidentified birds and small rodents. Small and medium animals were the most frequent prey, although wild camelids contributed the greatest proportion of biomass. We also recorded the presence of mesopredators and domestic dogs in puma scats. Our results suggest that the puma could play a key role in the configuration of trophic networks in the RNSAB, and that this can contribute considerably to the ecosystem balance.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere00226
JournalFood Webs
StatePublished - Jun 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We would like to thank the RNSAB leadership and the Pro-Carnívoros Association for the Conservation of Biodiversity; to Joel Sáenz, Cesar Lautaro and Brayan Morera-Chacón, for their substantial contributions to this document; to park rangers Mauricio Pumacota, Clarel Pumacota, and Filomeno Quispe; and Denis Huisa-Balcón for the illustrations in Fig. 1.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Inc.


  • Andes mountains
  • Apex predator
  • Camelids
  • Intraguild predation
  • Non-native prey
  • Trophic networks


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