Aim. Vertical marginal discrepancy (VMD) influences the success of implant-supported restorations. However, there is little literature that has investigated the influence of geometry and cementing agent on changes in VMD of metal copings on implant abutments. The objective was to evaluate the effect of the geometry of the abutment and cementing agents on VMD. Methods. Cast copings were cemented on implant abutments customized cylindrical (4, 5.5, and 7 mm) and on hexagonal implant abutments (4 mm) cemented or uncemented molded copings were placed (n = 4, totally 64 samples) with different luting agents. The VMD of the copings were measured in the coping-abutment interface at three reference points using a stereomicroscope. The independent Student's t test was used for comparison between the two different abutment walls. The post hoc statistical analysis was performed by the Tukey test. Results. There was a significant VMD increase between noncemented and cemented cast copings using different luting agents. Abutment geometry and luting agents significantly influenced the VMD p≤0.05. Cylindrical abutment at 7 mm in height cemented with different luting agent tested showed significantly higher VMD values than cylindrical abutments of 4 mm p=0.019. Hexagonal abutments with a 4 mm height showed significantly higher VMD values than cylindrical 4 mm abutments using zinc oxide noneugenol and glass ionomer cements p=0.032. Conclusions. Abutment geometry and luting agents influence the VMD of cast copings cemented on implant abutment. The higher the cylindrical abutment, the greater the VMD, and hexagonal wall abutments promote greater marginal gap.
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© 2021 Jose Rosas et al.