Effect of the industrial nanoparticles TiO<inf>2</inf>, SiO<inf>2</inf> and ZnO on cell viability and gene expression in red bone marrow of mus musculus

Jacquelyne Zarria-Romero, Ana Osorio, José Pino, Betty Shiga, Dan Vivas-Ruiz

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

© 2017, Instituto Nacional de Salud. All rights reserved. Objectives. To evaluate the effect of ZnO, TiO2 and SiO2 nanoparticles on cell viability and expression of the interleukin 7, interleukin 3, and granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) genes in Mus musculus. Materials and methods. Red bone marrow was extracted from five Balb/c mice for the analysis of cell viability using the MTT test. The mice were divided into two groups of five each: one group was inoculated intraperitoneally with 0.5, 1.0, 2.5, 5.0, and 10 mg/kg of ZnO and SiO2 nanoparticles, respectively, and the other group was inoculated with 5.0, 10.0, 15.0, 20.0, and 25 mg/kg of TiO2 nanoparticles, respectively. Thirty hours later, RNA was extracted from the red bone marrow of the mice in both groups for gene expression analysis using quantitative PCR and RT-PCR. Results. ZnO and SiO2 nanoparticles reduced cell viability in a dose-dependent manner by 37% and 26%, respectively, starting at a dose of 1 mg/kg. TiO2 nanoparticles at 5 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg reduced the gene expression of interleukins 7 and 3 by 55.3% and 70.2%, respectively, and SiO2 nanoparticles caused the greatest decrease (91%) in the expression of GM-CSF. ZnO nanoparticles reduced the expression of GM-CSF starting at doses of 20 mg/kg and 25 mg/kg. Conclusions: ZnO, SiO2 and TiO2 nanoparticles affect cell viability and gene expression in the mouse bone marrow.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)436-444
Number of pages9
JournalRevista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2017

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