Effects of body size on estimation of mammalian area requirements

Michael J. Noonan, Christen H. Fleming, Marlee A. Tucker, Roland Kays, Autumn Lynn Harrison, Margaret C. Crofoot, Briana Abrahms, Susan C. Alberts, Abdullahi H. Ali, Jeanne Altmann, Pamela Castro Antunes, Nina Attias, Jerrold L. Belant, Dean E. Beyer, Laura R. Bidner, Niels Blaum, Randall B. Boone, Damien Caillaud, Rogerio Cunha de Paula, J. Antonio de la TorreJasja Dekker, Christopher S. DePerno, Mohammad Farhadinia, Julian Fennessy, Claudia Fichtel, Christina Fischer, Adam Ford, Jacob R. Goheen, Rasmus W. Havmøller, Ben T. Hirsch, Cindy Hurtado, Lynne A. Isbell, René Janssen, Florian Jeltsch, Petra Kaczensky, Yayoi Kaneko, Peter Kappeler, Anjan Katna, Matthew Kauffman, Flavia Koch, Abhijeet Kulkarni, Scott LaPoint, Peter Leimgruber, David W. Macdonald, A. Catherine Markham, Laura McMahon, Katherine Mertes, Christopher E. Moorman, Ronaldo G. Morato, Alexander M. Moßbrucker, Guilherme Mourão, David O'Connor, Luiz Gustavo R. Oliveira-Santos, Jennifer Pastorini, Bruce D. Patterson, Janet Rachlow, Dustin H. Ranglack, Neil Reid, David M. Scantlebury, Dawn M. Scott, Nuria Selva, Agnieszka Sergiel, Melissa Songer, Nucharin Songsasen, Jared A. Stabach, Jenna Stacy-Dawes, Morgan B. Swingen, Jeffrey J. Thompson, Wiebke Ullmann, Abi Tamim Vanak, Maria Thaker, John W. Wilson, Koji Yamazaki, Richard W. Yarnell, Filip Zieba, Tomasz Zwijacz-Kozica, William F. Fagan, Thomas Mueller, Justin M. Calabrese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Conservation Biology published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of Society for Conservation Biology Accurately quantifying species’ area requirements is a prerequisite for effective area-based conservation. This typically involves collecting tracking data on species of interest and then conducting home-range analyses. Problematically, autocorrelation in tracking data can result in space needs being severely underestimated. Based on the previous work, we hypothesized the magnitude of underestimation varies with body mass, a relationship that could have serious conservation implications. To evaluate this hypothesis for terrestrial mammals, we estimated home-range areas with global positioning system (GPS) locations from 757 individuals across 61 globally distributed mammalian species with body masses ranging from 0.4 to 4000 kg. We then applied block cross-validation to quantify bias in empirical home-range estimates. Area requirements of mammals <10 kg were underestimated by a mean approximately15%, and species weighing approximately100 kg were underestimated by approximately50% on average. Thus, we found area estimation was subject to autocorrelation-induced bias that was worse for large species. Combined with the fact that extinction risk increases as body mass increases, the allometric scaling of bias we observed suggests the most threatened species are also likely to be those with the least accurate home-range estimates. As a correction, we tested whether data thinning or autocorrelation-informed home-range estimation minimized the scaling effect of autocorrelation on area estimates. Data thinning required an approximately93% data loss to achieve statistical independence with 95% confidence and was, therefore, not a viable solution. In contrast, autocorrelation-informed home-range estimation resulted in consistently accurate estimates irrespective of mass. When relating body mass to home range size, we detected that correcting for autocorrelation resulted in a scaling exponent significantly >1, meaning the scaling of the relationship changed substantially at the upper end of the mass spectrum.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1017-1028
Number of pages12
JournalConservation Biology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2020


  • allometry
  • alometría
  • animal movement
  • area-based conservation
  • autocorrelación
  • autocorrelation
  • conservación basada en áreas
  • diseño de reserva
  • distribución local
  • escalamiento
  • estimación de densidad del núcleo
  • home range
  • kernel density estimation
  • movimiento de mamíferos
  • reserve design
  • scaling
  • 保护区设计
  • 动物移动
  • 区域保护
  • 家域
  • 异速增长
  • 标度
  • 核密度估计
  • 自相关


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