Effects of exposure to pyrethroid cyfluthrin on serotonin and dopamine levels in brain regions of male rats

J. L. Rodríguez, I. Ares, V. Castellano, M. Martínez, M. R. Martínez-Larrañaga, A. Anadón, M. A. Martínez

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17 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of cyfluthrin oral exposure (1, 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg bw, 6 days) on brain region monoamine levels of male rats were examined. Cyfluthrin-treated rats (1, 5 and 10 mg/kg bw, orally 6 days), had no visible injury, i.e., no clinical signs of dysfunction were observed. However, rats treated with cyfluthrin at the highest dose (20 mg/kg bw, orally 6 days) showed skeletal muscle contraction in the hind limbs, slight movement incoordination without any signs of dyskinesia and tremor after 1-2 h of treatment. These signs were reversible at 6 h after dose. After last dose of cyfluthrin, dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5-HT) and its metabolites levels were determined in brain regions hypothalamus, midbrain, hippocampus, striatum and prefrontal cortex by HPLC. Cyfluthrin (1 mg/kg bw, orally 6 days) did not affect the DA, 5-HT and metabolites levels in the brain regions studied. Cyfluthrin (5, 10 and 20 mg/kg bw, orally 6 days) caused a statistically significant decrease in DA and its metabolites DOPAC and HVA levels and in 5-HT and its metabolite 5-HIAA levels in a brain region- and dose-related manner. Moreover, cyfluthrin (20 mg/kg bw, orally 6 days) evoked a statistically significant increase in 5-HT turnover in striatum and midbrain, and in DA turnover in striatum and prefrontal cortex. These findings indicate that serotoninergic and dopaminergic neurotransmission is affected by exposure to cyfluthrin and may contribute to the overall spectrum of neurotoxicity caused by this pyrethroid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)388-394
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume146
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by project UCM-BSGH/920204 from Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain , and Program (ALIBIRD-CM) S2013/ABI-2728 from Comunidad de Madrid , Spain. J.L. Rodríguez acknowledges his scholarship grant to PRONABEC-Peru.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016.

Keywords

  • Cyfluthrin
  • Male rats
  • Monoaminergic neurotransmitters
  • Neurotoxicology
  • Pyrethroid

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