Epidemiology of taeniasis and cysticercosis in a Peruvian village

F. Diaz, H. H. Garcia, R. H. Gilman, A. E. Gonzales, M. Castro, V. C.W. Tsang, J. B. Pilcher, L. E. Vasquez, M. Lescano, C. Carcamo, G. Madico, E. Miranda

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74 Scopus citations

Abstract

To determine the prevalence of cysticercosis in a rural area where the disease is endemic, the authors studied the seroepidemiology of human and porcine cysticercosis in a Peruvian jungle community (Maceda, Peru) in 1988 using an enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot (EITB) assay. Of the 371 sampled inhabitants, 30 (8%) were seropositive, most of whom were asymptomatic. After niclosamide therapy, four Taenia species worms were identified in the seropositive group, compared with one in the control group (p = 0.06). Pigs were frequently infected: 44 of 133 (33%) were found positive for Taenia by tongue examination and 57 of 133 (43%) were positive by EITB. In 69% of the sampled households that had pigs, there was at least one seropositive pig. The number of pigs diagnosed positive by the tongue examination was significantly greater in households that had latrines than in those that did not. Cysticercosis is a common but usually asymptomatic infection that affects both humans and pigs in the high jungle areas of Peru. Am J Epidemiol 1992;135:875-82.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)875-882
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Epidemiology
Volume135
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Apr 1992

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Received for publication August 7, 1991, and in final form December 16, 1991. Abbreviations' EITB, enzyme-linked immunoelectro-transfer blot. 1 Untversidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru. 2 Department of International Hearth, School of Hygiene and Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 3Facultad de Medicina Vetennaria, Universidad Na-donal Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru. 4Division of Parasite Diseases, Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA. 5 Instrtuto de Medicina Tropical de San Martin, Tarapoto, Peru. Reprint requests to Dr V. C W Tsang, Department of Parasitotogy, The Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA 30333. This study was supported by grants from the Interna-

Copyright:
Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Cysticercosis
  • Environmental monitoring
  • Immunoblotting
  • Swine
  • Taenia
  • Toilet facilities
  • Transfer blot

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