Etiology and risk factors for a first episode of cerebral isquemia in young adults

B. Tarazona, W. Ramos, J. Arce, J. Yarinsueca, S. Morales, G. Ronceros, C. Galarza, J. Pérez

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Abstract

Introduction: To determinate the etiology and risk factors for a first episode of cerebral ischemia in young adults at three hospitals of Lima and Callao-Peru. Methods: Multicentric study carried out at three national hospitals in Lima. The sample included 30 patients with a first episode of stroke and 60 controls matched by age and sex 2:1 with the patients. Serum biochemistry studies, EKGs and echocardiograms were done. Etiologies were classified based on the classification of Baltimore-Washington Cooperative Young Stroke Study. Results: The most frequent etiologies were cardiac embolism and atherosclerotic valvular heart disease, which were 30% of the cases (9 patients) each one. Hypertriglyceridemia (p. = 0.014), valvular heart disease (p. = 0.001) and hormonal contraception/replacement therapy (p. = 0.002) were independent risk factors for a first episode of cerebral ischemia in peruvian young adults. Motor deficiency was the most frequent presentation (50.0%). Intracraneal hypertension and urinary tract infection were the most frequent complications during acute ischemia and mortality was raised up to 10%. Conclusions: The hypertriglyceridemia, valvular heart disease and the use of oral contraceptives are independent risk factors for a first episode of ischemia in young adults from three hospitals of Lima and Callao. The most frequent etiologies were cardiac embolism and atheroesclerotic valvular heart disease. © 2009 Sociedad Española de Neurología.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)470-477
Number of pages8
JournalNeurologia
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2010

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    Tarazona, B., Ramos, W., Arce, J., Yarinsueca, J., Morales, S., Ronceros, G., Galarza, C., & Pérez, J. (2010). Etiology and risk factors for a first episode of cerebral isquemia in young adults. Neurologia, 470-477. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nrl.2010.07.012