Etiología del síndrome neumónico agudo en vacunos de engorde en Lima

Translated title of the contribution: Etiology of acute pneumonia syndrome in beef cattle in Lima

Víctor Zanabria, Hermelinda G. Rivera, Raúl A. Rosadio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Clinical-, serological and pathological examinations were conducted on twenty feedlot cattle with acute pneumonia from the Department ofLima, in order to determine the etiology ofthe disease. Prior to sacrifice ali the animals were monitored for clinical signs and sera samples taken for serological testing. At postmortem, ali affected lungs were examined grossly and pathological samples were taken to identify viral agents by direct immunoflourescence and/or bacteriological isolation, as well as for histopathological studies. Ali effected animals exhibited fever (39.41-41.8° C), tearing, coughing, tachipnea and watery to mucupurulent nasal discharge. Sorne ofthese animals (n=9) had dyspneic breathing with open mouth, lingual protrusion and abundant salivation, where as others (n= 11) had moderate to severe thriftiness. At necropsy, fibrinous lobar pneumonia involving ventral regions of the apical, intermediate and diaphragmatic lobes was found in ali the animals. Histological analyses found eleven cases of acute suppurative bronchopneumonia (Bronchitis, bronchiolitis and al veo litis) and nine cases of fibrinous pleuritis and interstitial pneumonia. Etiopathogenesis studies documented the presence ofmultiple viral agents plus Pasteurella. Among these, Bovine pestivirus (BVD) was the most common, followed by Bovine Herpes virus- 1 (BHV-1, n= 15)), Bovine respiratory Syncytial virus (BRSV, n=7) and Parainfluenza type (PI-3, n=5). In 95% ofthe cases (n= 19) virus and bacteria (up to 3 pneumopáthogens) were found coexisting in the same affected tissue, with BVDV and BHV-1 plus Pasteurella the most frequent combination. Pasteurella micororganisms were isolated In 55% (n=l l) ofthe cases and P. multocida was the most frequented identified. The presence of multiple viral agents was corroborated by the detection of antibodies against BRSV and PI-3 in ali the animals tested, as well as the presence ofantibodies to BVD in 80% (n=l6) and BHV in 75% (n=l 5) ofthe sample.

Translated title of the contributionEtiology of acute pneumonia syndrome in beef cattle in Lima
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)67-85
Number of pages19
JournalRevista de Investigaciones Veterinarias del Peru
Volume11
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2000

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Los autores expresan su reconocimiento a los señores ganaderos de Lurin y Pachacamac que facilitaron los animales utilizados en el estudio. Además agradecemos a las Dras. Sonia Calle y Laura Urteaga por las facilidades del Laboratorio de Bacteriología, FMV-UNMSM. El estudio se ejecutó gracias a la financiación obtenida por el Consejo de Ciencias y Tecnología(CONCYTEC) y al Intemational Foundation for Science (IFS) proyecto B/1640-2.

Funding Information:
El estudio de campo se realizó en centros de engorde procedentes de los distritos de Lurín y Pachacamac, provincia y departamento de Lima. En estos centros de engorde, el síndrome respiratorio es el principal problema de salud animal. Casi el 50% de bovinos que arriban enferman y el 10-20% generalmente mueren o son beneficiadas antes de su comercialización. Los estudios de aislamiento e identificación de agentes patológicos se realizaron en los diferentes labora~ torios de la Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria, UNMSM. Algunos exámenes complementarios de histopatología y hematología se realizaron en el laboratorio del Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria (SENASA) y el laboratorio del Instituto Nacional de Salud para algunas pruebas bioquímicas de tipificación de Pasteurellas.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2000 Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. All rights reserved.

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