Four new non-spiny Solanum (Solanaceae) species from South America

Tiina Särkinen, Paúl Gonzáles, Sandra Knapp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Four new species of "non-spiny" Solanum from South America are described. Solanum longifilamentum Särkinen & P.Gonzáles, sp. nov. (Morelloid clade) is widespread from Ecuador to Bolivia and is most similar to S. macrotonum Dunal from Central and northern South America. Solanum antisuyo Särkinen & S.Knapp, sp. nov. (Morelloid clade) is found on the eastern Andean slopes in Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia and is most similar to the widespread lower elevation species S. polytrichostylum Bitter. Solanum arenicola Särkinen & P.Gonzáles, sp. nov. (Morelloid clade) is found in low elevation habitats on the eastern Andean slopes and in Amazonia of Peru and Bolivia and is most similar to the higher elevation species S. aloysiifolium Dunal of Bolivia and Argentina. Solanum mariae Särkinen & S.Knapp, sp. nov. (Potato clade) is endemic to Cajamarca Department in Peru, and is most similar to the widespread S. caripense Dunal. Complete descriptions, distributions and preliminary conservation assessments of all new species are given.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)39-64
Number of pages26
JournalPhytoKeys
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Endemism
  • Morelloid clade
  • Peru
  • Potato clade
  • Solanaceae
  • Solanum section Basarthrum
  • Solanum section Solanum
  • Tropical Andes

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