Frecuencia y carga parasitaria en branquias de alevinos de gamitana (Colossoma macropomum) mediante exámenes directos en tres establecimientos piscícolas de Ucayali, Perú

Translated title of the contribution: Frequency and parasite load in gills of cachama fry (Colossoma macropomum) through direct examinations in three fish farms in Ucayali, Peru

E. Juan Rondón, C. César Villanueva, L. Roberto Del Águila, C. Nieves Sandoval

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and load of ectoparasites in gills of cachama fry from three semi-intensive farming fish farms in the province of Coronel Portillo, Ucayali, Peru. Sixty fingerlings (35-45 days old) were selected from each of the three fingerling supply establishments (E1, E2 and E3), reared at similar density and feeding conditions. Three fresh gill layer sections were evaluated from both sides, by visual observation with a 2x magnifying glass to detect crustaceans and by direct microscopy at 10x for trematodes and at 40x for protozoa. Four degrees of infestation were considered; null (0 parasites), mild (1-3), moderate (4-7) and severe (>8). It was possible to identify mainly forms compatible with monogeneans of the Dactylogyridae family, compatiblewithDactylogyrus spp (41.1%) and protozoa, mostly of the Oodiniaceae family, compatible with Piscinodinium spp (10.6%). No crustaceans were found. The frequencies of infestations were 28.3, 86.7 and 18.3% in E1, E2 and E3, respectively. Parasitic loads were mostly light (87.5, 53.8 and 83.3% for monogeneans and 80, 70 and 100% for protozoa, in E1, E2, and E3, respectively). The results suggest a lower sanitary condition in the E2 fingerlings. It is concluded that there was a higher frequency of infestations by monogeneans and light parasite loads in gills of cachama fry from the three fish farms evaluated by direct examinations.

Translated title of the contributionFrequency and parasite load in gills of cachama fry (Colossoma macropomum) through direct examinations in three fish farms in Ucayali, Peru
Original languageSpanish
Article numbere20010
JournalRevista de Investigaciones Veterinarias del Peru
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 23 Apr 2021

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