Gemcitabine (Gemzar) and paclitaxel exhibit good activity and good safety profiles when used alone and together in the treatment of advanced breast cancer. In a phase II trial, 45 patients with metastatic breast cancer received gemcitabine at 1,200 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8 and paclitaxel at 175 mg/m2 on day 1 every 21 days. Twenty-seven patients (60.0%) had prior adjuvant therapy. Objective response was observed in 30 patients (objective response rate 66.7%, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 52%-71%), including complete response in 10 (22.2%) and partial response in 20 (44.4%). Median duration of response was 18 months (95% CI = 11-26.7 months), median time to tumor progression for the entire population was 11 months (95% CI = 7.1-18.7 months), median overall survival was 19 months (95% CI = 17.3-21.7 months), and the 1-year survival rate was 69%. Treatment was well tolerated, with grade 3/4 toxicities being infrequent. Grade 3/4 leukopenia, neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia were each observed in six patients (13.3%). No patient was discontinued from the study due to hematologic or nonhematologic toxicity. Thus, the gemcitabine/paclitaxel combination shows promising activity and tolerability when used as first-line treatment in advanced disease. The combination recently has been shown to be superior to paclitaxel alone as first-line treatment in anthracycline-pretreated advanced disease according to interim results of a phase III trial and it should be further evaluated in comparative trials in breast cancer.
|Original language||American English|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Oncology (Williston Park, N.Y.)|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 2003|
Delfino, C., Caccia, G., Riva Gonzáles, L., Mickiewicz, E., Rodger, J., Balbiani, L., Flores Morales, D., Zori Comba, A., & Brosio, C. (2003). Gemcitabine/paclitaxel as first-line treatment of advanced breast cancer. Oncology (Williston Park, N.Y.), 22-25.