General Labor Well-Being in Latin American Dentists during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Teresa Evaristo-Chiyong, Manuel Antonio Mattos-Vela, Andrés A. Agudelo-Suárez, Ana Del Carmen Armas-Vega, Juan Carlos Cuevas-González, Clarisse Virginia Díaz-Reissner, Ana Cristina López Torres, Cecilia María Martínez-Delgado, Manuel Amed Paz-Betanco, María Antonieta Pérez-Flores, Sylvia Piovesan-Suárez, Adriana Pistochini, Yajaira Romero-Uzcátegui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the general labor well-being of Latin American dentists according to sociodemographic characteristics during the COVID-19 pandemic. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a final sample of 2214 participants from 11 countries. A validated online questionnaire on general work well-being was used (data collection period from 1 June to 10 July 2021), containing two dimensions: psychosocial well-being and collateral effects. The sociodemographic characteristics of the dentists and their perception of the economic impact of the pandemic were also recorded. A multivariate linear regression analysis was performed (hierarchical regression model) to evaluate the joint effect of the explanatory variables on labor well-being and the changes in the variance between each model. A score of psychosocial well-being of 233.6 + 40.2 and collateral effects of 45 + 20.1 was found. Psychosocial well-being was associated with sex, country of origin, academic training achieved, type of dental activity, and perceived impact during the pandemic (p <0.05). Somatization was frequently manifested through back pain (88.2%) and muscular tensions (87.2%). Women, those who worked 41 or more hours and had between 1 to 15 years of professional experience presented a greater collateral effect (p < 0.001). The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic a year and a half after it began on the labor well-being of Latin American dentists was evidenced with important interactions with social characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6317
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume19
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This research was funded by Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, grant number A21052161 and the APC was funded by the authors.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • dentists
  • health surveys
  • post-traumatic stress disorder
  • psychological
  • stress
  • working conditions

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