Human exposure to novel bartonella species from contact with fruit bats

Idanre Bat Festival Investigation Team

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Twice a year in southwestern Nigeria, during a traditional bat festival, community participants enter designated caves to capture bats, which are then consumed for food or traded. We investigated the presence of Bartonella species in Egyptian fruit bats (Rousettus aegyptiacus) and bat flies (Eucampsipoda africana) from these caves and assessed whether Bartonella infections had occurred in persons from the surrounding communities. Our results indicate that these bats and flies harbor Bartonella strains, which multilocus sequence typing indicated probably represent a novel Bartonella species, proposed as Bartonella rousetti. In serum from 8 of 204 persons, we detected antibodies to B. rousetti without cross-reactivity to other Bartonella species. This work suggests that bat-associated Bartonella strains might be capable of infecting humans.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2317-2323
Number of pages7
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Volume24
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by the Biosecurity Engagement Program of the US Department of State, Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, and the Office of Cooperative Threat Reduction’s Global Threat Reduction Programs; One Health funding; and the Global Disease Detection Program of the Center for Global Health at CDC.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). All rights reserved.

Copyright:
Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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