To determine whether human T cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection is associated with delayed neurological development, we examined 48 Peruvian children with exposure to HTLV-1 who were identified at the Instituto Materno-Perinatal. Compared with 38 HTLV-1-seronegative children, the 10 seropositive children did not have higher rates of neurodevelopmental delay. Long-term follow-up is planned.
Montano, S. M., Zunt, J. R., Rodriguez, L., Quispe, I., Rodriguez, C., Altamirano, J., Bautista, C. T., Alarcón, J. O. V., Longstreth, W. T., & Holmes, K. K. (2004). Human T cell lymphotropic virus type 1 infection and early neurologic development: A pilot study of 48 children. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 1079-1082. https://doi.org/10.1086/424017