Illicit crops and armed conflict as constraints on biodiversity conservation in the Andes Region

Jon Fjeldså, María D. Álvarez, Juan Mario Lazcano, Blanca León

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Coca, once grown for local consumption in the Andes, is now produced for external markets, often in areas with armed conflict. Internationally financed eradication campaigns force traffickers and growers to constantly relocate, making drug-related activities a principal cause of forest loss. The impact on biodiversity is known only in general terms, and this article presents the first regional analysis to identify areas of special concern, using bird data as proxy. The aim of conserving all species may be significantly constrained in the Santa Marta and Perijá mountains, Darién, some parts of the Central Andes in Colombia, and between the middle Marañón and middle Huallaga valleys in Peru. Solutions to the problem must address the root causes: international drug markets, long-lasting armed conflict, and lack of alternative income for the rural poor.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)205-211
Number of pages7
JournalAmbio
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2005

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