Interregional obsidian exchange during the late initial period and early horizon: New perspectives from campanayuq rumi, Peru

Yuichi Matsumoto, Jason Nesbitt, Michael D. Glascock, Yuri Igor Cavero Palomino, Richard L. Burger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Campanayuq Rumi is a large civic-ceremonial center located in the south-central highlands of Peru. Founded in the late Initial Period (1100-800 BC), Campanayuq Rumi became an important center within the Chavín Interaction Sphere in the Early Horizon (ca. 800-400 BC). In particular, Campanayuq Rumi is significant because of its geographical proximity to Quispisisa, the most important and widely circulated obsidian source during the Early Horizon. Portable X-ray florescence (pXRF) was used to geochemically source a sample of 370 obsidian artifacts from Campanayuq Rumi. Though obsidian from Quispisisa dominates the assemblage throughout the site's history, diachronic analysis indicates that the diversity of obsidian sources increases markedly in the Campanayuq II Phase (700-450 BC). The pXRF data lead us to conclude that Campanayuq Rumi was the locus of obsidian distribution to other locations in highland and coastal Peru within the Chavín Interaction Sphere, and functioned as a regional center of worship and interaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-63
Number of pages20
JournalLatin American Antiquity
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2017 by the Society for American Archaeology.

Copyright:
Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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