In the present study, the antioxidant and aldose reductase inhibitory activities of 24 Peruvian infusion tea plants were investigated by 2,2′-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2′-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS), and aldose reductase assays. Phoradendron sp. showed the highest inhibition of aldose reductase (IC50, 1.09 ± 0.06 μg/mL) and considerable antioxidant (IC50 of DPPH, 58.36 ± 1.65 μg/mL; IC50 of ABTS, 9.91 ± 0.43 μg/mL) effects. In order to identify the antioxidants and aldose reductase inhibitors of Phoradendron sp., DPPH-high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and ultrafiltration-HPLC assays were performed. Chlorogenic acid, 3,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid, and 1,3,5-tri-O-caffeoylquinic acid were identified as the antioxidants and aldose reductase inhibitors; apigenin was identified as the antioxidant. Finally, Phoradendron sp. and its aldose reductase inhibitors also showed a dose-dependent anti-inflammatory effect without cellular toxicity. These results suggested that Phoradendron sp. can be a potent functional food ingredient as an antioxidant, aldose reductase inhibitor and anti-inflammatory agent.
- Aldose reductase
- Peruvian infusion tea plants
- Phoradendron sp.
Wang, Z., Hwang, S. H., Guillen Quispe, Y. N., Gonzales Arce, P. H., & Lim, S. S. (2017). Investigation of the antioxidant and aldose reductase inhibitory activities of extracts from Peruvian tea plant infusions. Food Chemistry, 231, 222-230. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2017.03.107