The purpose of this paper is to contrast the configuration of the topic of death in the poems by Javier Heraud belonging to pure poetry, «Las moscas»[Flies] and «Las cucarachas» [Cockroaches], with those belonging to social poetry, «Balada del guerrillero que partió» [Ballad of the departed guerrilla fighter] and «Ellos»[They], respectively. The study argues that, in the poems of pure poetry, a bisemic symbology is represented by the figure of the «insect», which alludes to capitalism and death; while in the poems of social poetry, a monosemic symbology is represented by the figure of the «river», which refers to life.
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