Lymphotropic viruses EBV, KSHV and HTLV in Latin America: Epidemiology and associated malignancies. A literature-based study by the RIAL-CYTED

Paola Chabay, Daniela Lens, Rocio Hassan, Socorro María Rodríguez Pinilla, Fabiola Valvert Gamboa, Iris Rivera, Fuad Huamán Garaicoa, Stella Maris Ranuncolo, Carlos Barrionuevo, Abigail Morales Sánchez, Vanesa Scholl, Elena De Matteo, Ma Victoria Preciado, Ezequiel M. Fuentes-Pananá

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), Kaposi sarcoma herpesvirus (KSHV) and human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV-1) are lymphomagenic viruses with region-specific induced morbidity. The RIAL-CYTED aims to increase the knowledge of lymphoma in Latin America (LA), and, as such, we systematically analyzed the literature to better understand our risk for virus-induced lymphoma. We observed that high endemicity regions for certain lymphomas, e.g., Mexico and Peru, have a high incidence of EBV-positive lymphomas of T/NK cell origin. Peru also carries the highest frequency of EBV-positive classical Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and EBV-positive diffuse large B cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (NOS), than any other LA country. Adult T cell lymphoma is endemic to the North of Brazil and Chile. While only few cases of KSHV-positive lymphomas were found, in spite of the close correlation of Kaposi sarcoma and the prevalence of pathogenic types of KSHV. Both EBV-associated HL and Burkitt lymphoma mainly affect young children, unlike in developed countries, in which adolescents and young adults are the most affected, correlating with an early EBV seroconversion for LA population despite of lack of infectious mononucleosis symptoms. High endemicity of KSHV and HTLV infection was observed among Amerindian populations, with differences between Amazonian and Andean populations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2166
Pages (from-to)1-58
Number of pages58
JournalCancers
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This study was supported in part by CYTED: RIAL 217RT0523.

Funding Information:
This study was supported in part by CYTED: RIAL 217RT0523. PACh, EDM and MVP are members of the National Research Council (CONICET) Research Career Program. We would like to thank the ?RED-IBEROAMERICANA para el desarrollo de una plataforma para el estudio de Linfomas? (RIAL-CYTED-217RT0523) from CYTED.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • Epstein-barr virus
  • Human t-lymphotropic virus
  • Kaposi sarcoma herpesvirus
  • Latin america
  • Lymphoma

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