Macroscopic anatomy of the mammary gland in the llama (Lama glama)

R. Alexander Chávez, S. Alberto Sato, Z. Miluska Navarrete, S. Jannet Cisneros

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


© 20010 Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. All rights reserved. The present study aimed to identify and describe the structures of the mammary glands and related structures of the llama (Lama glama). Five adult females in lactation were embalmed using a 12% formalin solution. Superficial and deep dissections were done; comparing both sides of the glands and observing related structures as muscles, arteries, veins, nerves and lymph nodes. Macroscopic characteristics of the udder were similar to other camelids and mammals; however, there was a different arterial vessel pattern. Also, was observed the presence of the supramammary lymphatic nodule, not described in other domestic animals. The nipple presented two output ducts that join into one.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalRevista de Investigaciones Veterinarias del Peru
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2010


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