Molecular data reveal hidden diversity in the central Andean species Weberbauera spathulifolia (Thelypodieae: Brassicaceae)

Diego L. Salariato, Huber Trinidad, Asunción Cano, Fernando O. Zuloaga, Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Weberbauera (Brassicaceae, tribe Thelypodieae) comprises 18 species distributed along the central Andes of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile and Peru. Of these species, W. spathulifolia has the largest geographical range in the genus, extending c. 3000 km along the Andean highlands from La Rioja Province in Argentina to Ancash Department in Peru. This species also shows the greatest morphological variation in the genus. However, whether this geographical and morphological variation represents one or more lineages remains unclear. In this study, we analyse W. spathulifolia across its entire distribution range using molecular, morphological and ecological data. Because there is no phylogenetic analysis for the genus, we generated a comprehensive molecular sampling using nuclear (ITS) and plastid (trnL-F and trnH-psbA) sequences for other Weberbauera spp. and representatives of South American Thelypodieae. Results support the presence of two different lineages within W. spathulifolia, one in the northern part of the species range and the other distributed across its southern and central range. In addition to the morphological differences and the allopatric distribution, these lineages also differ in their climatic niches. Therefore, we propose here to retain the northern lineage under W. spathulifolia and to treat the southern-central lineage under W. orophila, comb. nov. Phylogenetic placement of Weberbauera spp. among the South American Thelypodieae is also analysed and discussed. Results of this study contribute to understanding the biodiversity and evolution of the Andean Brassicaceae.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)523-545
Number of pages23
JournalBotanical Journal of the Linnean Society
Volume193
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was funded by ANPCyT (Agencia Nacional de Promoci?n Cient?fica y Tecnol?gica) grant PICT-2016-0096, CONICET (Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cient?ficas y T?cnicas) grant PIP-112-201301-00124CO, and the National Geographic Society grant number 9841-16, for which we are profoundly grateful. Botanical collections we conducted under the permits: APN number 1103 (Argentina), VMABCC number 026/09 (Bolivia), SERNANP-PNH CUT number 001297-2017 and SERFOR/DGGSPFFS AUT-IFL number 2016-036 (Peru). We thank the directors, curators and collection managers of the herbaria listed. Special thanks to Lone Aagesen, Juan M. Acosta and Ariel Lliully Aguilar for their help in the fieldtrips, Marcelo Moreno for preparing the line drawings and Fabi?n Tricarico (Museum of Natural Sciences 'Bernardino Rivadavia') for his help with the scanning electron microscopy.

Funding Information:
This work was funded by ANPCyT (Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica) grant PICT-2016-0096, CONICET (Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas) grant PIP-112-201301-00124CO, and the National Geographic Society grant number 9841-16, for which we are profoundly grateful. Botanical collections we conducted under the permits: APN number 1103 (Argentina), VMABCC number 026/09 (Bolivia), SERNANP-PNH CUT number 001297-2017 and SERFOR/DGGSPFFS AUT-IFL number 2016–036 (Peru). We thank the directors, curators and collection managers of the herbaria listed. Special thanks to Lone Aagesen, Juan M. Acosta and Ariel Lliully Aguilar for their help in the fieldtrips, Marcelo Moreno for preparing the line drawings and Fabián Tricarico (Museum of Natural Sciences ‘Bernardino Rivadavia’) for his help with the scanning electron microscopy.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Linnean Society of London, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 2020, 193, 523-545

Copyright:
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Central andes
  • Cruciferae
  • Molecular phylogenetics
  • South America

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