New chromosome counts and evidence of polyploidy in Haageocereus and related genera in tribe Trichocereeae and other tribes of Cactaceae

Mónica Arakaki, Douglas E. Soltis, Pablo Speranza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chromosome numbers for a total of 54 individuals representing 13 genera and 40 species of Cactaceae, mostly in tribe Trichocereeae, are reported. Five additional taxa examined belong to subfamily Opuntioideae and other tribes of Cactoideae (Browningieae, Pachycereeae, Notocacteae, and Cereeae). Among Trichocereeae, counts for 35 taxa in eight genera are reported, with half of these (17 species) for the genus Haageocereus. These are the first chromosome numbers reported for 36 of the 40 taxa examined, as well as the first counts for the genus Haageocereus. Both diploid and polyploid counts were obtained. Twenty nine species were diploid with 2n = 2x = 22. Polyploid counts were obtained from the genera Espostoa, Cleistocactus, Haageocereus, and Weberbauerocereus; we detected one triploid (2n = 3x = 33), nine tetraploids (2n = 4x = 44), one hexaploid (2n = 6x = 66), and three octoploids (2n = 8x = 88). In two cases, different counts were recorded for different individuals of the same species (Espostoa lanata, with 2n = 22, 44, and 66; and Weberbauerocereus rauhii, with 2n = 44 and 88). These are the first reported polyploid counts for Haageocereus, Cleistocactus, and Espostoa. Our counts support the hypothesis that polyploidy and hybridization have played prominent roles in the evolution of Haageocereus, Weberbauerocereus, and other Trichocereeae. © 2007, by The New York Botanical Garden Press.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)290-297
Number of pages8
JournalBrittonia
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2007
Externally publishedYes

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