New Miocene Sulid Birds from Peru and Considerations on their Neogene Fossil Record in the Eastern Pacific Ocean

Marcelo Stucchi, Rafael M. Varas-Malca, Mario Urbina-Schmitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Stucchi et al. Boobies and gannets (family Sulidae) are the most specialized plunge divers among seabirds. Their fossil record along the Pacific coast of South America extends to the early Middle Miocene. Here we describe three new species of sulids: Sula brandi sp. nov., Sula figueroae sp. nov., and Ramphastosula aguirrei sp. nov., from the early Late Miocene of the Pisco Formation (Peru). Two of them are relatives of the living genus Sula, which represents medium and large-sized boobies. A new species of the extinct genus Ramphastosula is also described, adding to the discussion of possible alternative feeding strategies among sulids. The fossil record suggests that sympatric sulids exhibit different body sizes at least since the Oligocene epoch, a strategy related with resource partitioning. Furthermore, we find current analysis and knowledge of the fossil record unsuitable to evaluate properly seabird diversity changes through time.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)417-427
Number of pages11
JournalActa Palaeontologica Polonica
Volume61
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2016

Keywords

  • Aves
  • Miocene
  • Pelecaniformes
  • Peru
  • Ramphastosula
  • seabird evolution
  • Sula
  • Sulidae

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