Norming of cognitive and functional assessment instruments for dementia (NORMACODEM) (I): Objectives, content and population

J. Peña-Casanova, M. Aguilar, I. Bertran-Serra, P. Santacruz, G. Hernández, R. Insa, A. Pujol, J. M. Sol, R. Blesa, R. M. Manero, P. Böhm, G. Espel, A. M. Martí, M. Meza, T. Soler, C. Zabay, M. Riera, M. Castellví, A. I. Rivero, M. J. SantiagoE. Álvarez, E. Toirán, M. C. Crespo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

To adequately evaluate patients with 4 neuropsychological deficits a project for norming cognitive and functional instruments that assess dementia (NORMACODEM) was designed. Four hundred fifty-one subjects in three groups: 254 controls, 86 patients with minor memory/cognitive deficits without dementia (DWD) and 111 patients with probable Alzheimer-type dementia (ATD) according to the NINCDS/ADRDA criteria. Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale (ADAS), Abbreviated Barcelona Test (ABT), Global Dementia Staging (GDS), Functional Assessment Staging (FAST), Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR), Rapid Disability Rating Scale-2 (RDRS-2), Blessed Dementia Rating Scale (BDRS), Interview for Deterioration in Daily life in Dementia (IDDD), Geriatric Evaluation by Relatives Rating Instrument (GERRI), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (ZSRAS). Descriptive statistics and analysis of variance. The characteristics of the sample were as follows. Controls: 99 men, 155 women. Mean (SD) age: 64.6 (10.9) years. Mean (SD) educational level: 9.1 (4.9) years. DWD: 42 men, 44 women. Mean (SD) age: 65.8 (8.7) years. Men (SD) educational level: 8.4 (4.4) years. ATD: 48 mean, 63 women. Mean (SD) age: 68.3 (8.0) years. Mean (SD) educational level: 6.2 (4.3) years. The ATD patients were significantly older than the controls. Mean educational level was significantly lower in the ATD group than in the other two.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)61-68
Number of pages8
JournalNeurologia
StatePublished - 1 Feb 1997
Externally publishedYes

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    Peña-Casanova, J., Aguilar, M., Bertran-Serra, I., Santacruz, P., Hernández, G., Insa, R., Pujol, A., Sol, J. M., Blesa, R., Manero, R. M., Böhm, P., Espel, G., Martí, A. M., Meza, M., Soler, T., Zabay, C., Riera, M., Castellví, M., Rivero, A. I., ... Crespo, M. C. (1997). Norming of cognitive and functional assessment instruments for dementia (NORMACODEM) (I): Objectives, content and population. Neurologia, 61-68.